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Surge Protector for Closed-Circuit Television System

This article will introduce the importance and working principle of surge protector for CCTV that meet the high availability requirements of closed-circuit television systems.

The Necessity of Surge Protector for CCTV

A closed-circuit television system consists of at least one camera, a monitor, and an appropriate video transmission path. Remote camera stations are usually equipped with pan/tilt heads, allowing operators to individually adjust the position and angle of the camera station. In the simplest case, the transmission line between the junction box and the monitor is a coaxial cable or a balanced two-wire cable. Coaxial cable is used for unbalanced transmission, meaning the video signal is transmitted through the core (inner conductor) of the coaxial cable. The shield (ground) is the reference point for signal transmission. Balanced transmission (balun) for two-wire cable is used to convert the coaxial signal to a two-wire signal.

Power supply cables are usually wired separately. However, for IP cameras, a single cable is used to transmit both video signals and power. RS485 bus controls the pan and tilt of the camera. Cameras, alarms, access control panels, and DVRs in a CCTV system are easily damaged by surges caused by lightning strikes. In order to prevent the failure of camera and monitoring systems, components must be protected from atmospheric discharges and surge voltages.

Specific Protection Measures of Surge Protector for CCTV

Surge protector for CCTV provide protection by effectively diverting excessive voltages away from the device. One of the main advantages of surge protectors used for safety systems is their ability to ensure continuous operation and avoid downtime. CCTV camera systems are often installed outside buildings or on objects, and are therefore subject to external and potentially destructive influences, such as thunderstorms. During a thunderstorm, equipment can be completely destroyed by a direct lightning strike, or damaged by a remote lightning strike if surge voltages are induced in the transmission cables during the release of electromagnetic waves.

The structure of camera systems varies. For video transmission, coaxial cables with BNC plug connections are often used as the cable medium, or twisted pair cables are used. If the camera also has a control unit, the transmission is usually controlled via the serial RS485 interface through a twisted pair cable. Two-pole cables are used as the power supply. Modern cameras (i.e., so-called IP cameras) have a single RJ45 connection that can transmit data and video signals and is powered via Power over Ethernet (PoE). Signal lightning protection, such as network lightning protectors, need to be installed at the entry point.

Use Surge Protector for CCTV to Protect Your Security Cameras from Lightning Strikes

Power over Ethernet (PoE) switches and surge protector for CCTV add an extra layer of protection for PoE security cameras against damage from lightning strikes. PoE switches send power and data to PoE security cameras via a single Ethernet cable. They can also act as buffers and provide a stable power source to help protect cameras from surges. Some PoE switches have built-in surge protection, which helps mitigate lightning damage in two main ways:

Power Surge Protection

PoE switches with power surge protection prevent voltage spikes from reaching and damaging cameras.

Buffering Effect

 PoE switches can act as buffers between different cameras, reducing the spread of overvoltage from one camera cable to another.

Surge protector for CCTV help protect electronic devices from power outlet surges by preventing voltage spikes from spreading to any connected electronic device. Surge protectors connect to power outlets, and security cameras can connect to the surge protector using a separate power adapter. They are particularly useful in areas prone to thunderstorms.

It’s important to know that surge protectors and PoE switches cannot provide 100% protection for security cameras from lightning damage, but they do reduce the overall risk of damage to the entire security system. It is also important to use reputable brands and check that the surge protectors provide sufficient overvoltage protection (measured in joules) to protect any connected electronic equipment.

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